The New Year promises to continue the upward swing in foreign direct investment (FDI) flowing into India, according to the country’s main investment promotion agency.

India’s investment climate has never been better. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s initiative to reform-perform-and-transform has conclusively catapulted India into a higher orbit. The last 12 months saw India break into the top-100 club, on ease of doing business, receive a record FDI of $60.1 billion and earn an upgrade in its credit rating from Moody’s.

A relatively slow-moving solar market in India is showing some signs of promise.

The Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) has announced a 1,000 MW tender in order to allocate rooftop solar projects on government buildings across the country. This is the largest ever rooftop solar tender announced in India till date. Riding on the success of a previous 500 MW rooftop solar tender announced in April 2016, SECI has now doubled the allocation size. This is a welcome move in a market that has historically struggled to take off for a host of reasons. As per official statistics, the rooftop capacity in India stands at 382 MW. This includes only those projects that have been subsidised by the MNRE. The non-subsidised market appears to have crossed 1,000 MW.

The biggest challenge for India’s Renewable Energy targets is the intermittent nature of Wind and Solar technology, writes a power sector expert.

India remains the fastest growing economy with GDP upwards of 7 per cent and growing population. With increasing urbanisation and growing needs and demands, the energy requirement is also growing at a CAGR of 5 per cent from FY2010.

The capacity addition in the 11th plan (2007-2012) has been 50GW and that in 12th plan (2012-2017) and beyond is close to 130GW. The main contribution for this significant capacity addition (CAGR 10.5 per cent) has come from the private sector, which now has the largest share of 145GW followed by state sector with 104GW and remaining with central sector. With the significant capacity addition, the energy deficit which was 10 per cent in 2009-10 has reduced to 0.6 per cent in 2017-18 and the peak power deficit from 12.8 per cent to 0.6 per cent in 2017. The present energy generation in the country is close to 1300TWh with 330GW of operational capacity comprising mainly fossil fuel 225GW, Hydro 45GW and Renewables 55GW. Renewables comprise Wind, Solar Bio mass and Hydro <25MW. With 1.3-billion population, the per capita consumption of electricity is close to 1000KWh/annum – a third of global average.

The Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) launched its first Green Bond on the London Stock Exchange’s new International Securities Market (ISM) to finance renewable energy projects in India.

A new 10-year dated green bond listed by REC raised $450 million, with an annual yield of 3.965 per cent. It was 3.9 times oversubscribed on the final order book and secured strong international investor interest, with Asian investors making up 68 per cent of the order book and investors from Europe, Middle East and Africa region making up 32 per cent.

Make in India, one of the flagship initiatives launched under Prime Minister Modi, has led to a step change in FDI inflows, writes an investment facilitator.

The total FDI inflows into India stood at $60.1 billion in 2016-17 — the highest ever in a single year. Compared to 2013-14, this represents a 75 per cent increase. India’s achievement is even more stark when compared to falling global FDI flows as highlighted by UNCTAD. More importantly, Make in India has enabled long-term structural changes such as opening new sectors for FDI, increasing the ease of doing business, cutting the red tape and improving the physical infrastructure.

India’s power minister, Piyush Goyal, was on a European investment scouting mission recently and opened up a series of avenues for FDI into the power sector in Vienna and London.

India’s Minister for Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines, Piyush Goyal, was on a European tour in early May to lure Austria and the UK to look at investing more in India.



At the Vienna Energy Forum, the discussion revolved around the world’s largest energy transformation programme which is currently being pioneered by India. Goyal asserted that no country can offer the kind of scale and speed that India has in terms of financing and technical capabilities. Goyal also urged the global community to link low-cost technology, renewable energy and sustainable lifestyles.

India’s solar power sector is growing at a fast clip, helped by robust foreign and domestic investor appetite for new projects and the country’s massive 750 GW solar power potential. But it also faces significant challenges from the infirm nature of solar energy and prices falling to levels that may impact financial viability.

India’s steroid-charged solar power capacity addition will take it past Japan as the world’s third largest solar market. India, which crossed 12 GW of solar power capacity in 2016-17, is expected to add about 15 GW more in the current fiscal.

Minister of State for Power, Renewable Energy and Coal told the Rajya Sabha, India’s Upper House of Parliament that the country would add 10,000 MW from largescale solar power projects and 5,000 MW from solar rooftop projects this year.

As India edges towards its ambitious renewable energy target, the next challenge will be effective energy storage solutions that can be made in the country.

India has embarked on an ambitious programme of accelerating renewable energy deployment in the country. The target for renewable energy has been expanded multi-fold to 175 GW by 2022. A major part of the target is going to be from solar PV (100 GW) and wind energy (60 GW) and the rest from small hydro and biomass plants (5 and 10 GW respectively).

A senior public policy expert recaps the progress made in India’s petroleum sector and what more needs to be done for ‘India Investment Journal’.

In the over two years that the Narendra Modi led government has been in power in India, they have shifted the needle of policy on petroleum in the right direction. More needs to be done but…